TPP Trademark Scam (Trademark and Patent Publications)

Don’t be fooled by the TPP trademark scam. If you have received a notice from TPP (Trademark and Patent Publications) odds are you have recently filed a trademark application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). When you file a U.S. trademark application your information, including the owner’s mailing address, becomes public on a U.S. database. TPP takes this information and mails you a notice that you should send them money. Please don’t. We’ll explain why.

TTP Trademark Scam

TPP Trademark Scam Red Flagged by USPTO

The TPP Trademark Scam is one of many scams trying to confuse U.S. trademark applicants into thinking that they owe the USPTO money to continue processing their application.  When in reality none of these companies are part of the USPTO. Unfortunately, some people get confused and send these scamming companies thousands of dollars.

The USPTO has set up a page dedicated to these scamming companies. The following companies have been red-flagged by the USPTO as potential scams (in alphabetical order):

  • Brand Registration Office (Trademark Selection Edition) (Washington, DC)
  • GBO, Inc., Trademark and Patent Dep. (Miami, FL)
  • GLOPAT Global Patents & Trademarks (Bratislava, Slovak Republic) NEW
  • Intellectual Property Agency Ltd. (London, U.K.)
  • Intellectual Property Services USA Incorporated (Alexandria, VA)
  • IOPR – Intellectual Office Property Register (Beaverton, OR)
  • IPTI – International Patent & Trademark Index (Czech Republic)
  • IPTO International Patent & Trademark Organization (Brno, Czech Republic)
  • P.T.M.A. Patent and Trademark Association (New York, NY) NEW
  • Patent & Trademark Agency (New York, NY)
  • Patent & Trademark Bureau (Philadelphia, PA) NEW
  • Patent & Trademark Office (299 Park Ave., New York, NY) NEW
  • Patent & Trademark Office (555 Madison Ave., New York, NY)
  • Patent & Trademark Resource Center (Seattle & Woodinville, WA) NEW
  • Patent and Trademark Organization (New York, NY) NEW
  • Patent Trademark Register Register of International Patents and Trademarks (Bratislava, Slovak Republic)
  • Registration of International Trademark WDTP (Praha, Czech Republic)
  • RPT Servis – Registration of the International Trademark (Czech Republic)
  • TM Collection (Szombathely, Hungary) TM Edition (2012 version) (Szentendre, Hungary)
  • TM Edition (2015 version) (Szentendre, Hungary)
  • TM-DB Register of Protected Trademarks (Minneapolis, MN)
  • TM-DB Register of Protected Trademarks (Pearland, TX)
  • TM-DB Register of Protected Trademarks (Washington, DC)
  • TM-DB Register of Protected Trademarks (Wilmington, DE)
  • TPP – Trademark & Patent Publications (Poland)
  • Trademark and Patent Office (Los Angeles, CA)
  • Trademark Compliance Center (version 1) (Alexandria, VA)
  • Trademark Compliance Center (version 2) (Alexandria, VA)
  • Trademark Compliance Center (Washington, DC)
  • Trademark Compliance Office (Arlington, VA) NEW
  • Trademark Office Ltd. (New York, NY) NEW
  • Trademark Registration and Monitoring Office (Intellectual Property Rights Recordation Alert) (Los Angeles, CA)
  • Trademark Registration and Monitoring Office (Past Due Notice) (Los Angeles, CA)
  • Trademark Renewal Service (New York, NY)
  • Trademark Renewal Service (Washington, DC)
  • Trademark Safeguard – Trademark Monitoring Service (New York, NY)
  • U.S. Trademark Compliance Office (Wilmington, DE) NEW
  • U.S. Trademark Compliance Service (Phoenix, AZ)
  • United States Trademark Maintenance Service (version 1) (Arizona)
  • United States Trademark Maintenance Service (version 2) (Arizona)
  • United States Trademark Registration Office (Los Angeles, CA)
  • USTM Information Services (Idaho Falls, ID)
  • WIPT World Patents Trademarks (Bratislava, Slovak Republic)
  • WPAT World Patents Trademarks (Bratislava, Slovak Republic) (version 1)
  • WPAT World Patents Trademarks (Bratislava, Slovak Republic) (version 2) NEW

If you receive a bill from the above companies, please do not pay it.

Your U.S. Trademark Information is Public

Whenever you file a U.S. trademark, even when you use an attorney, the information becomes public. The USPTO warns of this publication on their website. Specifically, the USPTO warns:

You may receive unsolicited communications from companies requesting fees for trademark-related services, such as monitoring and document filing. Although solicitations from these companies frequently display customer-specific information, including USPTO serial number or registration number and owner name, companies that offer these services are not affiliated or associated with the USPTO or any other federal agency.

In addition, the USPTO provides information stating that your personal information will become public. The information that becomes public will include the following:

  • Your name;
  • Any addresses on file;
  • The phone numbers you provide;
  • The email addresses that you provide to the USPTO.

Be considerate of this when filing, but most importantly don’t be confused by the documentation you will receive.

Hiring a Trademark Attorney to Hide my Information

Even if you hire a trademark attorney, your personal information still becomes public. The attorney will need to submit your information to the USPTO database as the “owner” information. Even though your attorney will become the official correspondent of record, these companies will still send notifications to the listed owner.

  • Even when hiring an attorney your information will still become public.
  • Using an attorney as correspondent will not prevent these trademark scams from being mailed to you directly.

While the USPTO cannot prevent these trademark scams from happening, if you have an attorney, they can advise you whether the information you received was official USPTO documentation or is in fact a scam. Please see the recommendation from the USPTO to seek the advice of counsel before, during, and after filing a U.S. trademark application.

Donald Trump Trademarks

Donald Trump’s first U.S. trademark application was filed in 1985 for TRUMP’S CASTLE for “casino services” and “hotel services.” This application never matured to registration. His first U.S. trademark registration was issued in 1987 for CASTLE for “casino services,” which he let expire in 1993. Trump’s oldest active mark (still being used today) is CENTRAL PARK for “bus terminal and automobile parking garage services.” Better yet, he also owns FIFTH AVENUE. His registration for FIFTH AVENUE was issued in 1993 for “casino services.” Read on, as we explore the vast world of Donald Trump Trademarks.

donald-trump-trademarks

Donald Trump Trademark Ownership

Donald Trump is or was listed owner for 318 trademarks in the U.S. database. Trademarks are typically owned by corporations, which makes them hard to track if you are trying to learn whether an individual is tied to a trademark. However, it seems in Donald Trump’s case, he likes to apply for the marks as individual owner, only later to assign them to a corporation.

As of late, it seems he has changed his ways, and now files in corporation’s names. For example, TRUMP HOME and Design was filed March 3, 2016 for various articles of clothing in the name of DTTM OPERATIONS LLC. In addition, MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN was filed by DONALD J. TRUMP FOR PRESIDENT, INC. His current trademark attorney is Patrice Jean of Hughes Hubbard of New York.

Nonetheless, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) records make it easy to find which ones were initially applied for in his name. Lets dive in.

Donald Trump Dead Trademarks

Out of the 318 trademarks, 207 were dead. Dead trademarks are either applications that were unsuccessful or registrations that eventually abandoned. Below is a list of trademark applications or registrations that are listed as “Dead” on the USPTO database that Donald Trump previously owned. It’s not an exhaustive list, but rather a choice few.

  • TRUMP THE GAME – Equipment sold as a unit for playing a board game. Abandoned 1990.
  • TOUR DE TRUMP – Organizing and conducting a bicycle race. Cancelled 1998.
  • TRUMP AIRLINES – Air transportation services. Cancelled 1997.
  • GOBI DESSERT – Hotel restaurant services. Cancelled 1998.
  • TRUMPNET – Corporate telephone communication services. Abandoned 1990.
  • TRUMP WORLD’S FAIR – Casino services. Cancelled 2005.
  • TRUMP’S AMERICAN PALE ALE – Beer. Cancelled 2007.
  • THE DONALD – Prepared alcoholic cocktails. Cancelled 2007.
  • THE TRUMP FOLLIES – Entertainment services, namely, dramatic theater productions, musical theater productions; live comedic performances; cabarets acts; entertainment in the nature of live visual and audio performances, namely, musical, variety, and comedy shows; providing an on-line radio program in the fields of variety, comedy, drama, and talent shows… Abandoned 2009.
  • TOBACCO ROAD – Ongoing scripted television series in the nature of drama; Entertainment services, namely, an on-going television program in the field of drama; presentation of live show performances in the nature of readings by individuals; Entertainment in the nature of on-going television programs in the field of reality-based shows, variety shows, comedy, and drama… Abandoned 2009.
  • TRUMP SUPER SPEEDWAY – Organizing, conducting, and sponsoring entertainment events in the field of races featuring automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, and go-carts. Abandoned 2008.
  • TRUMP VODKA – Vodka. Abandoned 2008.
  • ENTREPRENEURSHIP MASTERY PROGRAM – Educational services in the nature of conducting on-line courses in the fields of business and real estate. Abandoned 2007.
  • TRUMP GO TRUMP.COM TRAVEL TRUMP STYLE – On-line travel agency services… Cancelled 2014.
  • TRUMP UNIVERSITY – Printed materials, namely, books, for home study courses in the field of real estate and entrepreneurship. Cancelled 2014.

Donald Trump Live Trademarks

There are 111 live trademarks owned by Donald Trump (or initially filed by him). Live trademarks are ones that are currently being used or are pending. Redundant names were removed.

  • AFFORDABLE LUXURY COMES HOME
  • CENTRAL PARK
  • COMPVENIENCE
  • DJT
  • DONALD J. TRUMP SIGNATURE COLLECTION
  • DONALD TRUMP
  • DONALD TRUMP THE FRAGRANCE
  • EMPIRE BY TRUMP
  • EVERY NUMBER TELLS A STORY
  • FIFTH AVENUE
  • H 2 EAU
  • MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN
  • MAR A LAGO
  • MAR-A-LAGO
  • REBAR
  • SELECT BY TRUMP
  • SUCCESS BY TRUMP
  • T
  • T TRUMP HOLLYWOOD
  • T TRUMP TOWER TAMPA A DONALD J. TRUMP SIGNATURE PROPERTY
  • TAJ MAHAL
  • THE DONALD J. TRUMP SIGNATURE COLLECTION
  • THE ESTATES AT TRUMP NATIONAL GOLF CLUB
  • THE MAR-A-LAGO CLUB
  • THE RIVER WALK SHOPS AT TRUMP INTERNATIONAL
  • THE SPA AT TRUMP
  • THE TRUMP NETWORK
  • THE TRUMP ORGANIZATION
  • THE TRUMP SPA AT MAR A LAGO
  • THE TRUMP WORLD TOWER
  • THE TRUMP WORLD TOWER AT UNITED NATIONS PLAZA
  • TRUMP
  • TRUMP ATTACHÉ
  • TRUMP CARD
  • TRUMP ENTERTAINMENT RESORTS
  • TRUMP GOLF LINKS
  • TRUMP GRANDE OCEAN RESORT & RESIDENCES
  • TRUMP HOLLYWOOD
  • TRUMP HOME
  • TRUMP HOTEL COLLECTION
  • TRUMP ICE
  • TRUMP INTERNATIONAL GOLF CLUB
  • TRUMP INTERNATIONAL HOTEL & TOWER
  • TRUMP MODEL MANAGEMENT
  • TRUMP NATIONAL GOLF CLUB
  • TRUMP OCEAN CLUB
  • TRUMP ONE
  • TRUMP PALACE
  • TRUMP PARC
  • TRUMP PARK
  • TRUMP PARK AVENUE
  • TRUMP PLACE
  • TRUMP PLAZA
  • TRUMP ROYALE
  • TRUMP SOHO
  • TRUMP T
  • TRUMP TAJ MAHAL CASINO-RESORT
  • TRUMP TOWER
  • TRUMP TOWER AT CITY CENTER
  • UNITED STATES POKER CHAMPIONSHIP
  • WESTCHESTER

As mentioned above, corporations typically own trademarks, thus, the list is not exhaustive. This is simply a list of ones in which Donald Trump was or is listed as applicant at one point in time. The list is pretty accurate, but not an all-encompassing compilation of Trump trademarks.

US Trademark Timeline Infographic (With and Without an Attorney)

Waiting for a trademark to register can be stressful. On average, it takes 11 months for a US trademark application to mature to registration.  We’ve provided a helpful timeline to show you what to expect during the process.

There are a few different filing bases for a US trademark application. The below timeline is in reference to an actual use application or an application based on a business already using the mark in commerce.

When filing a trademark application there are non-obvious deadlines along the way. If you receive an Office action make sure you respond to satisfy the United States Patent and Trademark Office’s Examiner request before the deadline. Failing to do so will end in the abandonment of your application and the loss of your filing fees.

 

US Trademark Timeline infographic - Online Trademark Attorneys

 

 

Can I get the Brexit trademark?

People often try to grab the rights to a popular term by applying for the US Trademark of the name in hopes of acquiring the nationwide rights to a particular phrase. The latest attempt includes the word, “BREXIT.” Unfortunately for them, the Brexit trademark is not up for grabs.BREXIT Trademark

3 BREXIT Trademarks Currently Pending

Three different applications were submitted on June 24, 2016 for the term BREXIT.

  1. BREXIT for “Hard cider” filed by Boston Beer Corporation, some of the same owners of Samuel Adams .
  2. BREXIT for “Dietary and nutritional supplements” filed by Quicksilver Scientific, LLC.
  3. BREXIT for “Clothing, including t-shirts and hats” filed by Vivek Jayaram.

The above filings are all most likely trying to capitalize on BREXIT, the “British exit” from the European Union.

Why the BREXIT Trademark Will Get Rejected

It all comes down to a failure to associate. Trademarks are a way for the public to differentiate one product/service from another. After all if a consumer is accustomed to the delicious quality of a BIG MAC® they should be able to distinguish that product from a BIG MUC. It’s in the public’s best interest to protect these names, to ensure they receive the quality product they are familiar with.

A popular political, social, religious message cannot function as a trademark, because when people think of the term, the consumer is likely to envision that message. Registration will be refused if the applied-for mark merely conveys an informational social, political, religious, or similar kind of message. If so, it does not function as a trademark or service mark to indicate the source of applicant’s goods and/or services and to identify and distinguish them from others.

The most important question in determining whether a slogan or term functions as a trademark or service mark is how the proposed mark would be perceived by the relevant public. Will the consumer automatically think of the political, social or religious phrase? If the answer is yes, sorry, no trademark for a lack of an association in the mind of the consumer.

Other Examples of Non-trademarkable Phrases

  • BLACK LIVES MATTER
  • PRAY FOR PARIS
  • BOSTON STRONG
  • 9/11
  • PROUDLY MADE IN USA
  • #ISTANDWITHAHMED
  • FRAGILE (yes, someone tried to obtain the rights to “Fragile” for “labels,” presumably to stick on boxes)
  • THINK GREEN
  • ONCE A MARINE, ALWAYS A MARINE
  • DRIVE SAFELY

Cheap Trademark Registration – Need to Know

Extremely cheap trademark registration services have inherent flaws. When looking for an affordable trademark registration service there are a few qualities you’ll want to make sure your service provider is offering you.

Cheap Trademark Services – Watch Out!

Cheap Trademark Registration

You Need an Affordable Trademark Attorney, Not a “Trademark Agent”

When selecting a business to handle your trademark filing you’ll want to ensure the representative filing the trademark is a licensed trademark attorney.  While other services can conduct trademark searches or offer you advice regarding the marketability of a name, only attorneys have the ability to assist individuals in filing a trademark application.  “Practice before the Office in trademark matters includes, but is not limited to, consulting with or giving advice to a client in contemplation of filing a trademark application or other document with the Office.”  Applications filed by non-attorneys on behalf of individuals will be deemed void.

  • Applications filed on behalf of individuals by non-attorneys will be deemed void.  Make sure you have a lawyer if the provider is drafting or filing your trademark – even if you sign the application.

Don’t File Blindly

Next, make sure a search is completed by the service. A search will prevent problems down the road. Trademark clearances will show you if the name you want is available, whether you will want to file or not, and it will identify state or common law trademark issues. Searching the federal database alone is a bad idea.  It’s a good start, but is by no means a complete search.  Someone who owns state trademark rights or common law rights can still sue you based on those rights.

  • Get a comprehensive search advising you whether or not you will be successful.

Don’t Miss Deadlines

Make sure the service you are using will advise you regarding important deadlines. If deadlines are missed your mark will abandon.

  • Make sure you get notifications during the trademark process.

An Office Action Looms

A large portion of all trademark applications receive an initial Office action. An Office action will indicate specific issues with the application. Again, a trademark service provider without an attorney will not be able to respond on your behalf.  Your service representative should help you by responding to Office actions. Many trademark services include responses to Office actions for “non-substantive” issues. Non-substantive responses are typically those that can be evaluated and communicated to an Examiner without citation of case law. Non-substantive responses can be complicated in their legal significance, however, an attorney will evaluate the response on your behalf. Those that cannot legally respond on your behalf….won’t. Consequently, your application may be abandoned for not responding to the Examiner’s Office action.

  • You will most likely need to respond to an Office action. An attorney can do this for you. A non-attorney cannot.

Rely on a Trademark Attorney

To avoid a lot of the problems, as identified above, your best option is to rely on a licensed trademark attorney. Trademark attorneys can act on your behalf in a in a trademark application. Having an attorney on your side will increase your odds of getting your trademark approved.

Merry Christmas Is Trademarked

It’s true.  MERRY CHRISTMAS is trademarked.  In fact there are four federally registered trademarks for MERRY CHRISTMAS.

MERRY CHRISTMAS TrademarkMerry Christmas Trademark

  1. MERRY CHRISTMAS for “Fruit wine; grape wine; natural sparkling wines; sparkling fruit wine; sparkling grape wine; sparkling wines; sweet wines; white wine; wine; wines; wines and sparkling wines,” Registration No. 4,077,131.
  2. MERRY CHRISTMAS and Design for “Christmas tree ornaments and decorations,” Registration No. 1,790,526.
  3. MERRY CHRISTMAS for “Cigar and cigarette boxes; cigar and cigarette boxes not of precious metal; cigar bands; cigar boxes; cigar boxes not of precious metal; cigar tubes; cigars,” Registration No. 3,561,707.
  4. MERRY CHRISTMAS and Design for “Bibs not of cloth or paper; caps; children’s and infants’ cloth bibs; children’s cloth eating bibs; clothing, namely, khakis; clothing, namely, wrap-arounds; hoods; infant and toddler one piece clothing; jerseys; shifts; short sets; shoulder wraps; swaddling clothes; ties; tops; wearable garments and clothing, namely, shirts; wraps,” Registration No. 3,737,733.

Can I Use MERRY CHRISTMAS?

Does this mean I can’t use “Merry Christmas” on my sweaters? No. It does not.  Although the above owners were able to acquire the federal registrations, nothing limits you from using the term on your goods to wish someone a happy holiday.

You can use the term because the public associates the phrase with a common sentiment during Christmas, not an individual business.  For example, one Examining Attorney at the United States Patent and Trademark Office stated:

The examining attorney refuses registration because the proposed mark does not function as a trademark…In this case, the slogan is merely a sentiment expressed by one to another, and, as used on the specimen, would be taken by the customer to refer to these holiday sentiments, rather than to indicate the source of the juice.  Therefore, the slogan is merely indicative of the sentiments of the customer in presenting the goods to another, and not used as a source indicator.

What About FELIZ NAVIDAD?

Does this apply to Feliz Navidad? Yes. Again, if you are adding the mark to packaging as a holiday greeting, you are okay. Here is an example of one Examining Attorney’s response to someone applying for FELIZ NAVIDAD:

The mark does not function as a trademark on the specimen because it would be understood by the consumer to be a holiday greeting, and not to indicate a source of the goods. The wording Spanish wording FELIZ NAVIDAD means Merry Christmas. See attached dictionary definition. Attached are several web sites showing bath and body products specially packaged for the Christmas Holiday. Additionally, attached are several websites showing holiday items bearing FELIZ NAVIDAD as a Christmas greeting or a Christmas wish for the recipient. Similarly, applicant’s use of FELIZ NAVIDAD on the packaging of the gift set would be viewed by the purchaser simply as a holiday wish or greeting extended with the gift. Thus, the mark fails to function as a source indicator for the goods, and must be refused.

Don’t be Afraid to Say “Merry Christmas”

As long as you are using the phrase to express sentiment to others during the Christmas season, you are fine.  So don’t worry about Merry Christmas trademark infringement, oh and Merry Christmas!

Shark Tank Trademark Rebranding

The show Shark Tank involves business startups looking to pair with some of the top US investors. One problem the show skirts around is the registration of a trademark. Some entrepreneurs come up with very creative names, however, failed to secure their brand via a trademark registration or failed to ensure the name was available with a trademark search. This causes rebranding issues, which can be crippling.Shark Tank Trademark

Trademark Rebranding

How much time and money would it cost to change your business name? What about your domain name, your Facebook page, your Twitter page, your Instagram account, redesigning your website, pulling your products from distribution, updating your business information, destroying your old merchandise, purchasing new merchandise, notifying all your retailers of the name change, and rebranding yourself under a new name? While this is just a short list of some of the actions you’ll have to take, it does not outline or mention the most important loss, time and money. It’s important to protect your trademark as soon as possible, even as early as conception of the name. A little money now invested in a trademark search or an intent to use trademark application can save you a lot of money down the road.

Shark Tank Trademark Rebranding Examples

A number of entrepreneurs that appeared on the show owned whimsical or creative names that they fell in love with from the start. The only issue was that the names were already owned.

  • RYAN’S BARKERY, season 4, episode 26 – healthy dog treats
    • RYAN’S BARKERY filed for trademark registration on December 3, 2012.  It was rejected based on confusing similarity to BARKERY, for “edible pet treats,” and RYAN’S PET SUPPLIES, for “retail store and online retail store services featuring pet supplies.” It was rejected based on the confusing similarity to the already registered marks, BARKERY, for “edible pet treats,” and RYAN’S PET SUPPLIES, for “retail store and online retail store services featuring pet supplies.”
    • The business was renamed, “Ry’s Ruffery.” Trademark registration for RY’S RUFFERY obtained March 17, 2015.
  • REMYXX REKIXX, season 3, episode 15 – completely recyclable shoes
    • REMYXX filed for trademark registration on September 10, 2011.  It was rejected based on confusing similarity to the already registered mark, REMIX for “clothing, namely, jeans, pants, shorts, jackets, shirts, t-shirts, and shoes.”
    • The business was renamed, “Rekixx.” Trademark registration for REKIXX obtained May 20, 2014.
  • THE MIX BIKINI EXPERIENCE, season 3, episode 14 – mix and match bikinis
    • THE MIX BIKINI EXPERIENCE filed for trademark registration on September 9, 2011, and acquired registration on July 24, 2012 with one catch, they had to disclaim the terms “mix bikini.”  A disclaimer is a statement made in your application that indicates you do not claim exclusive right to use a specified element(s) of your mark.  Thus, they weren’t claiming the main name within the mark.
    • Among other reasons, the business was renamed to “Versakini.” Trademark registration for VERSAKINI approved via Notice of Allowance on June 9, 2015.

How do I Prevent Having to Rebrand My Trademark?

Simple. Acquire a trademark registration. You can even secure the right to the name prior to using the brand via an intent to use trademark application. You won’t own the registration if you file this intent to use application, but you will own the right to acquire the registration via a Notice of Allowance from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

Trademark Disclaimers – What do they mean?

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If you’re reading this, it is likely that you have received an Office Action from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) that states a disclaimer is required. So what exactly is a disclaimer?

Simply put, a disclaimer is a statement made in your application that indicates you do not claim exclusive right to use a specified element(s) of your mark. TMEP §§ 1213 et seq. Specifically, you will be required to add to your application the following statement:

No claim is made to the exclusive right to use “[disclaimed term(s)]” apart from the mark as shown.

What does a disclaimer mean? Disclaimers are required for the portion of your mark that is merely descriptive, generic, or geographic or it contains a company designation or a well-known symbol such as the dollar sign ($). The reasoning is that these types of words and/or symbols are needed by other people and businesses to describe their goods and/or services. As a result, you cannot claim exclusive rights to these terms.

The following are examples of marks that were required to disclaim terms within their mark:

STARBUCKS COFFEE – No claim is made to the exclusive right to use “coffee” apart from the mark as shown.

KIA MOTORS – No claim is made to the exclusive right to use “motors” apart from the mark as shown.

BURGER KING – No claim is made to the exclusive right to use “burger” apart from the mark as shown.

It is important that you address this type of Office Action with the USPTO. Your failure to do so properly can result in refusal to register your mark in its entirety. For more information about your Office Action and whether a disclaimer is required, please call us at (843) 654-0078.